Traditional life of Gorals
History of the Region
The history of the region in the easternmost part of the Czech Republic is closely connected to the Wallachian (Geldings) colonization. As part of this long-term process, which struck the entire outer arc of the Carpathians from Romania, through Ukraine, today's Slovak-Polish border to the northeast Moravia, occurred since the late 15th century the colonization of mountain and foothill areas of the Moravian-Silesian and Silesian Beskids.
Jablunkov’s ‘Šance’ fortifications
The history of Jablunkov’s ‘Šance’ fortifications
The Jablunkov pass is the lowest-lying point at which the Beskydy ridge can be crossed, and provides the easiest north-south route across the mountains. A trade route has passed through the Beskydy range at this point since prehistoric times.
Mosty u Jablunkova
This small town lies near the head of the Jablunkov pass between the Moravian-Silesian Beskydy and Silesian Beskydy ranges and is easily accessible via the international road and border crossing and an international train service.